2018 U.S. Territories Data Release Notes

IMPLAN has data for the five Island territories of the U.S. We have data on American Samoa (AS), Commonwealth of Northern Marianas Islands (MP), Guam, (GU), Puerto Rico (PR), and Virgin Islands (VI). Note that the data sets for Island Areas are not nearly as comprehensive nor timely compared to the U.S., unfortunately. The 2018 U.S. Territories data contain two significant additions.

While prior U.S. territories data has included estimates of proprietor income (PI), proprietor employment was not included as part of a given industry’s employment value (unlike IMPLAN U.S. data). The decision to not include proprietor employment was a conservative one made due to a lack of data on U.S. territory proprietors. However, proprietor estimates, derived using U.S. level sector-specific rates of proprietors-per-PI, are included this year to promote definitional consistency with labor income, which includes both wage and salary income and proprietor income.

Employment overall is up, which is expected with the inclusion of proprietor employment. Those sectors seeing the largest jump in employment will be those with a higher rate of proprietors-per-PI at the U.S. level, which generally equates to those sectors with a larger proportion of proprietor employment (e.g., agriculture sectors, personal services sectors, etc.).

U.S. Territories data now mimics IMPLAN’s domestic data production in the use of BLS CEW ownership codes to derive government employment and wages data for IMPLAN sectors beyond just administrative payroll for education and non-education. For Puerto Rico (PR) and Virgin Islands (VI), both of which are covered by CEW, ownership code data provide employment and wage data for additional government activities such as passenger transit, electric utilities, and other government enterprises, along with continued employment and wage data for government administrative sectors. For territories lacking BLS CEW coverage, PR and VI CEW data are used to estimate these new distributions of total non-education government employment and wages between non-education administrative government and the government enterprise sectors (passenger transit, electric utilities, and other government enterprises).

With the 2018 data, you will now see non-zero estimates for government sectors that were previously zero. These include passenger transit, electric utilities, and other government enterprises.

U.S. Territories data is utilized only in IMPLAN Pro and provided in .odf form (i.e., similar to international models, but the U.S. Territories data utilizes the same Structural Matrix as the domestic data). No Journey to Work (JTW) or Trade Flow files are included. The Industry scheme is identical to that used for IMPLAN Pro domestic data and contains 544 Industries.
To learn more about our data on U.S. Territories, please contact IMPLAN at 800-507-9426 or [email protected]

How Island Area Data Sets Vary from the Rest of the US

Data sets for Island Areas are not nearly as comprehensive nor timely compared to the US. Nor are Island Areas included in the US NIPA accounts, so there are no overall controls as there are for the US states and counties.

The Five US Island Areas are:

  1. American Samoa: AS
  2. Commonwealth of Northern Marianas Islands: MP
  3. Guam: GU
  4. Puerto Rico: PR
  5. Virgin Islands: VI

BLS Covered employment and wages (CEW) is only available for PR and VI.

Census County Business Patterns cover all five island areas and are the main source for employment and income data.

For Agricultural sectors, the Census collects “Outlying” areas – which includes the 5 island areas. The 5-year census for outlying areas is published several years after the corresponding Census for the US.

Military employment comes from the Department of Defense: https://www.dmdc.osd.mil/appj/dwp/dwp_reports.jsp.

GDP data is available in BEA news releases for US territories. The data is for overall GDP and is not sector specific, but it does provide controls. An example of such a report is can be found at this link.

There is some miscellaneous data collected from local government sources. Guam probably has the best government statistics collection, but data is still sparse.

Ratios and updates to the current data year are derived from US relationships and CEW data for Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands (as proxies).